1 The Pharisees also with the Sadducees came, and tempting desired him that he would shew them a sign from heaven.
There's a lot of talk of Pharisees and Sadducees. These people received a very bad name from Jesus. I can't think of those words without thinking that they are bad people. So what were they?
Sadducees were of priestly and aristocratic families. They were rich people who had influence in Israel. They developed as a social class after Ezra returned and rebuilt the temple. As Cyrus restored the priestly caste, but didn't restore the monarchy, they weren't held in check by any other formal Israel power. They became the de facto leaders. As there was no secular leaders with any real power, they became the dominate force. They are the 1%. Sadducees maintained the temple. They believed in the written law of the Torah, why? because it maintained their authority.
Pharisees were another group of learned Torah scholars. They may or may not have come from the priestly caste. They probably didn't get their learning from the temple, but from other synagogues throughout Israel. They knew the law. In addition to the written Torah, they followed some other oral traditions, and some other books. They believed (pretty much) that any Israelite could (and should) be a priest, so they kept the priestly temple purity laws, (the ones in Leviticus) even though those laws only were written for actual priests. Their actions opened up the priesthood (basically) for anyone. Through them, the current Rabbinical traditions came to be. You don't have to be born into the priesthood to be a Rabbi, you just have to know.
As you saw yesterday, when they accused Jesus of not washing his hands before eating, they were concerned with purity and cleanliness. They followed the law, but Jesus showed that they may follow it exactly, but they don't understand the meaning of it.
Like a law against jay walking. You don't jay walk because it's illegal... why is it illegal? Because people get hit by buses when they jay walk.
These two classes of learned Torah scholars didn't like each other. The Saducees wanted to keep their hold on power, while the Pharisees wanted everyone to follow the law. What can bring two enemies together??? A common enemy, that enemy was Jesus.
2 He answered and said unto them, When it is evening, ye say, It will be fair weather: for the sky is red.
3 And in the morning, It will be foul weather to day: for the sky is red and lowering. O ye hypocrites, ye can discern the face of the sky; but can ye not discern the signs of the times?
4 A wicked and adulterous generation seeketh after a sign; and there shall no sign be given unto it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas. And he left them, and departed
Red sky at night, sailor's delight,
Red sky at morning, sailors take warning.
4 A wicked and adulterous generation seeketh after a sign; and there shall no sign be given unto it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas. And he left them, and departed.
5 And when his disciples were come to the other side, they had forgotten to take bread.
Food seems to play a predominate role in the New Testament.
6 Then Jesus said unto them, Take heed and beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and of the Sadducees.
7 And they reasoned among themselves, saying, It is because we have taken no bread.
The disciples are idiots. Not only don't they take bread, but that also don't understand Jesus' leaven analogy.
11 How is it that ye do not understand that I spake it not to you concerning bread, that ye should beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and of the Sadducees?
12 Then understood they how that he bade them not beware of the leaven of bread, but of the doctrine of the Pharisees and of the Sadducees.
Their leaven is bad leaven. Remember, God hates yeast (passover). Leaven makes decay.
13 When Jesus came into the coasts of Caesarea Philippi, he asked his disciples, saying, Whom do men say that I the Son of man am?
14 And they said, Some say that thou art John the Baptist: some, Elias; and others, Jeremias, or one of the prophets.
15 He saith unto them, But whom say ye that I am?
16 And Simon Peter answered and said, Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God.
The Christ, it means the anointed one. It also means Messiah. Messiah means anointed. So, Peter said you are the anointed Son of the living God.
17 And Jesus answered and said unto him, Blessed art thou, Simon Barjona: for flesh and blood hath not revealed it unto thee, but my Father which is in heaven.
18 And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.
This is obviously a different rock than the one yesterday, the one that the seed will flounder on.
Jesus then tells them what's going to happen, that he'll go to Jerusalem and be killed and come back.
1 And after six days Jesus taketh Peter, James, and John his brother, and bringeth them up into an high mountain apart,
2 And was transfigured before them: and his face did shine as the sun, and his raiment was white as the light.
3 And, behold, there appeared unto them Moses and Elias talking with him.
Elias is Elijah.
The guys wanted to build a tabernacle to each of them, Jesus said no.
9 And as they came down from the mountain, Jesus charged them, saying, Tell the vision to no man, until the Son of man be risen again from the dead.
Then some guy has a possessed child and Jesus heals him.
Then they go to Capernaum, and had to give tribute, and they didn't have any cash, so Jesus sent Peter out to fish, and that he'd catch a fish with a piece of money in it's mouth.
1 At the same time came the disciples unto Jesus, saying, Who is the greatest in the kingdom of heaven?
Jesus said it's children, and people who act like children.
Then he tells about cutting off your hand and plucking out your eye.
Then Jesus tells about missing a sheep. If you have a hundred and one wanders off, that you go get the wanderer, and you actually like it more than the 99 who stuck around.
13 And if so be that he find it, verily I say unto you, he rejoiceth more of that sheep, than of the ninety and nine which went not astray.
14 Even so it is not the will of your Father which is in heaven, that one of these little ones should perish.
So, the returning of the prodigal son (which we'll get to later) is always better than the other sons who were there all along.
Peter asks how many times he has to forgive his brother.
22 Jesus saith unto him, I say not unto thee, Until seven times: but, Until seventy times seven.
Then Jesus tells a story about a lord with servants. The lord called in the people who owed him money, and one guy owed him 10,000. The lord was gonna sell him, and his wife and kids, but they guy begged to stay.
27 Then the lord of that servant was moved with compassion, and loosed him, and forgave him the debt.
The servant then called in a guy who owed him 100. The guy didn't have it, so the servant threw the other servant into debtors prison. The lord guy hears about it and calls him in.
32 Then his lord, after that he had called him, said unto him, O thou wicked servant, I forgave thee all that debt, because thou desiredst me:
33 Shouldest not thou also have had compassion on thy fellowservant, even as I had pity on thee?
34 And his lord was wroth, and delivered him to the tormentors, till he should pay all that was due unto him.
So, the lord reinstated the debt. Which doesn't really sound like forgiveness of the debt, now does it.
35 So likewise shall my heavenly Father do also unto you, if ye from your hearts forgive not every one his brother their trespasses.
In other words... God will forgive you of your sins if you beg him to, but if you don't forgive people who sin against you, then God will be like "I still remember". Even though it says it's forgiveness, it's conditional. If you break the conditions of the forgiveness, then you aren't forgiven.
So what have we learned today?
1. Christ means anointed.
2. Forgiveness is conditional.
3. Forgive your brother 490 times.