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Default Day 208. Isaiah 22-24 - 10-05-2009, 08:01 PM

Isaiah 22-24

Isaiah 22

1 The burden of the valley of vision. What aileth thee now, that thou art wholly gone up to the housetops?

Another burden, this one to the valley of vision. What is the valley of vision? It's Jerusalem. Remember, almost all the prophets came from Jerusalem, so it was the place where they had their visions. Jerusalem itself is build on a hill, but there's a higher hill, and it's in the middle of three valleys. So, this is the prophecy against Jerusalem.

2 Thou that art full of stirs, a tumultuous city, joyous city: thy slain men are not slain with the sword, nor dead in battle.

When Babylon attacked, they didn't quite run over the city at first, instead they laid siege to it. All the valiant men didn't go out and die in battle, they starved in their homes.

7 And it shall come to pass, that thy choicest valleys shall be full of chariots, and the horsemen shall set themselves in array at the gate.

Remember those three valleys, they are going to be full of the enemy. Instead of growing your crops there, the enemy will be sitting there eating them all, and starving you out.

10 And ye have numbered the houses of Jerusalem, and the houses have ye broken down to fortify the wall.

When it looked like the enemy was about to attack, the people fortified the wall. Since they weren't able to get in new resources, they did it with all that they had, their houses.

13 And behold joy and gladness, slaying oxen, and killing sheep, eating flesh, and drinking wine: let us eat and drink; for to morrow we shall die.

Instead of believing in their LORD, the people figured they were doomed, so they had one final blow out party.

14 And it was revealed in mine ears by the LORD of hosts, Surely this iniquity shall not be purged from you till ye die, saith the Lord GOD of hosts.

If the people would have spent the time praying to God, not for protection, but for the joy of praying to God, He would have protected them, instead, they ignored him and assumed they were dead.

15 Thus saith the Lord GOD of hosts, Go, get thee unto this treasurer, even unto Shebna, which is over the house, and say,

Shebna was the treasurer during the reign of Hezekiah. During today's reading, you get the feeling that Isaiah didn't like Shebna much. He became a hated figure. Hezekiah was a beloved figure, so Isaiah couldn't really blame him for the coming tragedy, it had to go to someone, so Shebna became the hated person.

16 What hast thou here? and whom hast thou here, that thou hast hewed thee out a sepulchre here, as he that heweth him out a sepulchre on high, and that graveth an habitation for himself in a rock?

Shebna was pretty much the chief of staff for Hezekiah. During his time, one of the things he did was built himself a massive tomb. Shebna's tomb is south of Jerusalem. The tomb is still there, and bears an engraving that has the last 2 letters of his name.

17 Behold, the LORD will carry thee away with a mighty captivity, and will surely cover thee.

Shebna never got to use his tomb. He was taken away before he got to be buried in it.

20 And it shall come to pass in that day, that I will call my servant Eliakim the son of Hilkiah:

So, Shebna is going to be outed from the chief of staff role, his replacement is going to be Eliakim. You've got to assume that Isaiah had a better relationship with Eliakim than with Shebna.

As you read this, you see similarities to the story of Saul and David. Saul just couldn't do anything right, and David couldn't do anything wrong. You'll also see comparisons of Eliakim with the Messiah, Jesus.

22 And the key of the house of David will I lay upon his shoulder; so he shall open, and none shall shut; and he shall shut, and none shall open.

The main steward had the keys to the kingdom. When Eliakim, takes over, he'll be the man of God. We'll see these words again in Revelation, referring to Jesus having the keys to heaven and hell.

23 And I will fasten him as a nail in a sure place; and he shall be for a glorious throne to his father's house.


This verse deals with securing valuables, kind of like a coat rack. People didn't have cabinets, so they put pegs/nails, in the wall to secure their goods. Eliakim will be a secure coat rack for the kingdom.

24 And they shall hang upon him all the glory of his father's house, the offspring and the issue, all vessels of small quantity, from the vessels of cups, even to all the vessels of flagons.

Ok, maybe it's not a coat rack, but more of a cup holder tree thingy.

That's Eliakim there.

25 In that day, saith the LORD of hosts, shall the nail that is fastened in the sure place be removed, and be cut down, and fall; and the burden that was upon it shall be cut off: for the LORD hath spoken it.

God will remove the cup holder that is Shebna, and replace him with Eliakim.

Isaiah 23

1 The burden of Tyre. Howl, ye ships of Tarshish; for it is laid waste, so that there is no house, no entering in: from the land of Chittim it is revealed to them.

The warning for Tyre. Tyre, used to be an Island. When Alexander the great arrived, he built a dike to connect it to the rest of ancient Phoenicia. Alexander the great was back in 356-323 BC, so that means the prophecy of Isaiah against Tyre was some 400 years before it's time. But, this prophecy deals with times closer to Isaiah's time, Nebuchadnezzar (Babylon) attacked it in the early 500's BC, and Shalmaneser (of Assyria) attacked it during the late 700's.

2 Be still, ye inhabitants of the isle; thou whom the merchants of Zidon, that pass over the sea, have replenished.

Remember, it was an island, it didn't have many natural resources, but it did serve as a major commercial port during the time. The exchange of goods there made the place rich, being rich made them a target for every major empire of the time (except the jews, they never went out and expanded their territory).

6 Pass ye over to Tarshish; howl, ye inhabitants of the isle.

Tarshish is one of those legendary cities in the Bible, that no one knows exactly who it is that they are talking about. Many people believe it to be in Spain, others think Carthage, some think it's just the Phoenician coast.

8 Who hath taken this counsel against Tyre, the crowning city, whose merchants are princes, whose traffickers are the honourable of the earth?

Remember, Tyre didn't actually do anything, they were brokers, in the process they made themselves richers. They took goods from people at a price that was less than fair, and sold them at a price that was more than the stuff was worth.

11 He stretched out his hand over the sea, he shook the kingdoms: the LORD hath given a commandment against the merchant city, to destroy the strong holds thereof.

Because they weren't honest, God decided to destroy them.

You wonder if they did some shady deals with Israel at the time...

15 And it shall come to pass in that day, that Tyre shall be forgotten seventy years, according to the days of one king: after the end of seventy years shall Tyre sing as an harlot.

Fiona Apple, Alanis Morissette, Hannah Montana, pick your favorite singing harlot, that's how Tyre shall sing.

16 Take an harp, go about the city, thou harlot that hast been forgotten; make sweet melody, sing many songs, that thou mayest be remembered.

Interesting, harlot songs are apparently a good thing. So it must be Amy Grant they are talking about.

17 And it shall come to pass after the end of seventy years, that the LORD will visit Tyre, and she shall turn to her hire, and shall commit fornication with all the kingdoms of the world upon the face of the earth.

In the future, when Tyre is rebuilt, her selling of things (like her body) will come again.

18 And her merchandise and her hire shall be holiness to the LORD: it shall not be treasured nor laid up; for her merchandise shall be for them that dwell before the LORD, to eat sufficiently, and for durable clothing.

This fornication and whoredom will be acceptable, since it will provide for the people of Israel. Tyre will be a holy whore!


Isaiah 24

What does Isaiah 24 deal with? So far we've seen every known civilization and pretty much every major city has received a warning. If you managed to not get a burden directly against you... well, here it is.

1 Behold, the LORD maketh the earth empty, and maketh it waste, and turneth it upside down, and scattereth abroad the inhabitants thereof.

Great, now the whole earth is going to be messed up.

2 And it shall be, as with the people, so with the priest; as with the servant, so with his master; as with the maid, so with her mistress; as with the buyer, so with the seller; as with the lender, so with the borrower; as with the taker of usury, so with the giver of usury to him.

You see that everyone, either of (perceived) high social status, or of (perceived) low social status, is named.

3 The land shall be utterly emptied, and utterly spoiled: for the LORD hath spoken this word.

Everyone is going to be taken.

5 The earth also is defiled under the inhabitants thereof; because they have transgressed the laws, changed the ordinance, broken the everlasting covenant.

There have been several everlasting covenants: flood covenant; Abraham covenant; Israel and priesthood covenant; David covenant; and the NEW covenant. Remember, it's not the all powerful, all knowing God who set up the covenant that broke it, he's just the guy who knows everything that's ever going to happen, so he set up a covenant knowing it would be broken. Everlasting is such an odd word, but then how are you going to get a person to believe something if you promise only a temporary covenant?

7 The new wine mourneth, the vine languisheth, all the merryhearted do sigh.

So all the people are going to be scattered and driven from their homes. Everyone made their own wine, wine that hadn't finished fermenting was considered new wine. New wine needs to be cared for, and sometimes burped. Old wine can sit for years and get better with age.

9 They shall not drink wine with a song; strong drink shall be bitter to them that drink it.

mmmmm... strong bitter...

11 There is a crying for wine in the streets; all joy is darkened, the mirth of the land is gone.

Because everything is destroyed, the new wine spoiled, so there is no more good wine

13 When thus it shall be in the midst of the land among the people, there shall be as the shaking of an olive tree, and as the gleaning grapes when the vintage is done.

Something (God's wrath) is going to come and take people away. The people will be harvested, like grapes or olives.

14 They shall lift up their voice, they shall sing for the majesty of the LORD, they shall cry aloud from the sea.

Still, even though everyone else around them is being taken, some will still praise the Lord.

15 Wherefore glorify ye the LORD in the fires, even the name of the LORD God of Israel in the isles of the sea.

Will you be praising the LORD, when you are on fire?

18 And it shall come to pass, that he who fleeth from the noise of the fear shall fall into the pit; and he that cometh up out of the midst of the pit shall be taken in the snare: for the windows from on high are open, and the foundations of the earth do shake.

There will be no escape. If you get away from the first trap, you will fall to the second. Nobody escapes from the second trap!

20 The earth shall reel to and fro like a drunkard, and shall be removed like a cottage; and the transgression thereof shall be heavy upon it; and it shall fall, and not rise again.

There's gonna be an earthquake.

21 And it shall come to pass in that day, that the LORD shall punish the host of the high ones that are on high, and the kings of the earth upon the earth.

When God has this temper tantrum, no one is going to escape from his wrath. Even the people in heaven will be taking some fall out.

23 Then the moon shall be confounded, and the sun ashamed, when the LORD of hosts shall reign in mount Zion, and in Jerusalem, and before his ancients gloriously.

But, it's all gonna be great at the end, when God comes down to Jerusalem.

So what have we learned today?

1. Everlasting doesn't mean much to a deity that is everlasting.

2. Eliakim is like David; Shebna is like Saul. Eliakim is a sort of messianic figure; like David... also like Jesus.

3. It's one thing to prophecy against the cities and countries that you know, it's another to do the same against the whole world. More impressive would have been to name some places that were outside of the area that Isaiah knew about.


Judges 9:21 And Jotham ran away, and fled, and went to Beer, and dwelt there, for fear of Abimelech his brother.
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